contracting COVID-19

A Complete Guide to Avoiding Contracting COVID-19


You may be concerned about the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19, formerly known as 2019-nCoV), especially if there are cases of illness in your area. Fortunately, there are special precautions you can take to protect yourself and your family from contracting the virus. Doing things as simple as staying at home whenever possible, avoiding sick people, washing hands frequently and disinfecting high-traffic surfaces can go a long way. If you think you may be ill, call your doctor or the health department immediately. Stay home until told to get medical help.


Protect yourself from the coronavirus

Stay away from people who are coughing or sneezing.

Since the new coronavirus is a respiratory infection, coughing and sneezing are typical symptoms. Both also propel the virus through the air, putting you at risk of infection. Just keep your distance from people showing symptoms of a respiratory infection. If at all possible and not impolite, ask the person not to get too close. You could say something like, “I noticed you have a cough. I hope you get better soon. Maybe you could take a few steps back so I don’t catch it..” If you know someone who is sick When you’ve been around people, you’d do well to stay away from that person too, because you never know if they’ve already caught something.

with soap and water to reduce the risk of infection.

The best way to protect against coronavirus and many other viruses and bacteria is to wash your hands as often as possible. Wet your hands with warm water, then apply a mild soap. Work the soap into a lather for 20 to 30 seconds, then rinse your hands under warm running water. About as long as it takes to sing the song “Happy Birthday” to you twice. The World Health Organization recommends not just rubbing your hand’s palm to palm, but interlacing your fingers in a variety of ways to ensure all surfaces are clean. Using the paper towel you use to dry your hands, turn off the faucet. Always wash your hands before eating or drinking anything. However, it’s best to wash your hands every time you’re in public or after you’ve been around someone you suspect is sick. If you can’t wash your hands, use a hand sanitizer that contains 60-95% alcohol. Products with an alcohol content higher than 95% are usually less effective.

Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose, and mouth.

You may come into contact with the coronavirus on a surface such as a doorknob or countertop. When this happens, the germs can get on your hands and stay there, making it easy to infect yourself if you touch your face with dirty hands. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth if the virus is on your skin. If you must touch your face, wash your hands first so you are less likely to get infected.

Don’t shake anyone’s hands, whether they’re showing symptoms or not.

Unfortunately, people infected with the coronavirus can spread the disease even if they don’t show any symptoms. To protect yourself, temporarily limit your contact with others. Kindly decline a handshake until the threat of the coronavirus has passed. You could say, “Nice to see you. Normally I would shake your hand, but it’s best to limit personal contact right now to help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.”

COUNCIL OF EXPERTS international humanitarian organization The United Nations Foundation brings together ideas, people and resources that the United Nations needs to advance global processes and address urgent problems. The hallmark of the UN Foundation is working together for lasting change and innovation to solve humanity’s greatest challenges. The UN Foundation focuses on issues with transformative potential, including climate, energy and environment, girls and women, global health, and data and technology. United Nations Foundation international humanitarian organization Our Experts Agree: To protect yourself, it’s wise to limit contact with others as much as possible. Politely refuse to shake hands or come into close contact until the threat of the new coronavirus has passed.

Disinfect high-touch surfaces daily with a virus-killing product.

Unfortunately, the coronavirus can linger on surfaces such as doorknobs, countertops and faucets. Use a disinfectant spray or bleach-soaked wipes to wipe down these surfaces daily. Make sure the surface stays wet for about ten minutes for it to effectively kill the virus. This limits the risk of the virus remaining on surfaces and potentially leading to infection. In your home, disinfect the front door knob, kitchen countertop, bathroom surfaces and faucets. At work, clean surfaces that people tend to touch, such as doorknobs, banisters, tables, and countertops. You can also make a disinfectant by mixing 8 ounces of bleach with 1 gallon of warm water.

Try not to worry if you’re not actually at risk.

The myths about the coronavirus spread on social media, often leading to unnecessary fear. Get your information about the coronavirus from a reliable source like the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) or the World Health Organization (WHO). It’s also helpful to check sources before making any decisions. While this new strain of the coronavirus originated in China, it is not linked to Asian people. Don’t treat anyone differently or distance yourself from someone just because they’re Asian. Treat everyone kindly and remember that anyone can be infected. According to the WHO, you cannot get the coronavirus from mail or products originating in China. The WHO also denies that there are certain foods that prevent the coronavirus.

Provide a flattening curve

Stay at home as much as possible to keep your distance from other people.

You have probably heard of “social distancing”, which means that you should limit your physical social contacts as much as possible until the danger is over so that the virus cannot spread further. This means leaving your home only for essential things, like buying groceries or going to work. If possible, work or do your schoolwork from home. Don’t go to restaurants or bars and don’t go to the cinema for the time being. By staying at home, you reduce the chance that you will come into contact with the virus. If everyone does this, the virus cannot spread further. If you belong to a risk group, it is particularly important to stay at home as much as possible. If you are older than 65, have a weak immune system, or have a previous illness such as asthma or heart problems, you belong to the risk group. It is currently recommended that non-essential travel is avoided.

When meeting people, make sure the group is no larger than ten people.

If you decide to meet your family or friends, you must be aware that there is a risk of virus transmission. Even people who do not belong to any risk group can become infected and spread the virus further or become ill themselves. Each country and region has its own guidelines on how to proceed. So check with your local authority to be sure. If everyone follows the rules and keeps their distance, the virus cannot spread further. This includes gatherings in your home or outdoors where no one else is. Don’t meet your friends and family in public places. It is best to meet online.

Maintain a distance of five feet from other people when you leave your home.

For example, you have to go out to shop, get something to eat or do sports. You can walk or run, but you should always keep your distance from others and avoid getting too close to them. Just stay within a five-foot radius of yourself around you. If someone gets too close to you, step aside and remind them that a five-foot distance is recommended. Maybe say something like, “No offense, but for now, I’d just like to keep my distance as advised. That way we’re both safe.”

Wear a mask that covers your mouth and nose when you are out in public.

It is now compulsory to wear a mask in public. However, that doesn’t mean “social distancing” is no longer an issue. Keep your distance! Cloth masks are just as suitable as disposable masks. These masks are designed to prevent the virus from being spread to others by people without symptoms. Maybe you would like to make your own mask. Policies regarding mask requirements vary from country to country and region to region. Check with the local authorities to find out what’s going on in your area.

Check with credible resources regularly.

The WHO and the health department keep us regularly up to date on the best way to stop the spread of the virus. Keeping yourself up to date with the latest news can protect you and your loved ones. If you can, it is a good cause to donate a small amount to organizations affected by the crisis.

Take care of a sick person

Wear disposable protective gear while caring for someone.

Put on disposable gloves, a disposable face mask, and a paper gown when caring for a sick person. When you leave her room, take off the protective clothing and throw it in a plastic bag. Do not reuse this protective clothing as you may accidentally come into contact with the virus. The coronavirus spreads through the air and can linger on your clothes, so protect yourself as best you can.

Do not share household items with the infected person.

The coronavirus can stay on items such as cups, plates, cutlery and towels. Use separate items for each member of the household while someone is sick. Otherwise, you could accidentally spread the infection. Play it safe! When in doubt, wash the item before you or anyone else uses it.

Wash all laundry at a high temperature to disinfect.

Clothing, bed linen and towels can all harbor the coronavirus so it is important to wash these thoroughly. Set the washing machine to the hottest program and measure out the recommended amount of detergent for the size of the laundry load. Then wash the laundry on the normal or heavily soiled setting, depending on the model. If it’s safe for your fabrics, add a capful of bleach or dye-safe bleach to disinfect the laundry.

Open a window to ventilate the room if the weather permits.

Because the coronavirus is airborne, there is a greater risk of infection if you share a room with a sick person. Airing out the room can help purify the air, which can minimize your risk of catching the virus. If possible, open a window or turn on the air conditioning. Don’t open the window when it’s raining or the temperature is uncomfortably high or low.

Avoid animal transmission

Cook meat and eggs thoroughly to avoid the risk of contracting the coronavirus.

Coronaviruses can be transmitted from animals to humans, so it’s important to thoroughly cook animal products to kill any germs. Follow the directions for the type of meat or eggs you’re cooking and use a food thermometer to measure the internal temperature of your food before eating. Heat your food to these temperatures: Chicken and turkey should reach 74°C. Cook beef or pork to 63°C. Heat ground beef to 71°C. Eggs must also reach 71 °C.

Limit your contact with live animals to avoid the risk of transmission.

Don’t risk touching an animal that might be sick. Avoid touching live animals unless you are working with or caring for animals. If you must touch an animal other than your pet, touch it as little as possible.

If you must touch them, wash your hands immediately after touching live animals.

You don’t want germs from the animals to remain on your skin. Wet your hands and apply a mild soap. Lather the soap on your hands for 30 seconds, then rinse with warm water. Dry your hands with a clean, dry towel. If you handle multiple animals, wash your hands between each animal if an animal is sick. That way you don’t accidentally infect the other animals.

Deal with a possible infection

Contact your doctor if you suspect you have the coronavirus.

If you have a fever, cough, or shortness of breath, stay home and contact your doctor or public health department to ask for a test. Your doctor will want to know if you’ve traveled recently, been to an area with a high incidence of the disease, or been in contact with an infected person. If your doctor thinks you should get tested, they will tell you where to go. In the meantime, stay home so you don’t put anyone else at risk. The most common symptoms of the new coronavirus are fever, cough and shortness of breath. Some patients also report other respiratory symptoms.

Tip: When you go to your doctor’s office, wear a face mask to avoid spreading the infection to people with a weak immune system. Notify your doctor of any new symptoms, such as a fever or trouble breathing.

Stay home if you are showing symptoms of a respiratory infection.

Besides going to the doctor, you shouldn’t leave the house when you’re sick. You may be contagious and don’t want to spread the virus to someone else. Focus on resting and giving your body time to recover. If you go to the doctor, wear a disposable face mask or a cloth mask. This will prevent germs from spreading, but you should still keep your distance and wash your hands regularly.

COVID-19 is characterized by fever, cough and shortness of breath. Other symptoms would be a runny nose, fatigue, sore throat, headache, body aches, loss of smell or taste, dizziness, vomiting and diarrhea.

See a doctor immediately if you have severe symptoms.

Try not to worry, but the new coronavirus can cause serious complications. It’s important that you get medical attention right away if you develop severe symptoms. Go to the emergency room or call an ambulance if you have the following symptoms: Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath Constant chest pain or pressure Confusion or difficulty waking Bluish lips or face

Warning: Talk to your doctor to find out if there are any other symptoms you should be concerned about. Our list does not include all possible serious symptoms, only the classic ones.

Cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough.

You probably sneeze and cough a lot when you have coronavirus or another respiratory infection. Protect others from your germs by covering your mouth with a tissue or your sleeve, not your hand. This will prevent your germs from becoming airborne. Keep a packet or box of tissues nearby whenever possible. However, it’s okay to sneeze into your bent elbows if you don’t have a tissue.


Despite being shared on social media at times, Corona beer has nothing to do with the virus. The common name is pure coincidence. The top things to avoid right now are physical proximity, confined spaces, and crowded spaces. If you experience a fever, cough, or shortness of breath within 14 days of traveling or coming into contact with someone who may be infected, contact your doctor to find out if you should get tested.


Severe coronavirus infection can lead to complications like pneumonia, so see a doctor if your symptoms don’t improve or you’re short of breath. Antibiotics kill bacteria, not viruses. They do not protect you from the coronavirus. Misusing antibiotics can be harmful to your health, so only take them exactly as directed by your doctor.


About the Author


Eddie Miller

Eddie is an Associate Editor in London, UK. He coordinates client content and sponsored articles. Eddie has two Masters in language and spent half his life in the teaching field. He now owns an Amazon business and runs a wooden DIY workshop.